Realistic espurr. Found on facebook haha, everything i find on there is awesome
"Hey what did you make me for my birthday?"
cutest cat sorry espurr skitty wins
Shinies I’ve gotten recently. Part 3. :)
10 Top Communication Mistakes
No one is a perfect communicator, especially when our emotions are involved. It’s easy to say the wrong thing, take something the wrong way, or make assumptions that can quickly lead to disagreements and hurt feelings. Here are 10 of the top…
What people thank an animal should be kept in and what the animal actually should be kept in. (click the pictures)
This is a companion piece to this post, which focuses on small mammals.
Once again we have companies telling people that their cages are large enough, that the animals only need a little space, or that their cages are “large”. The boxes boast about the products being spacious and large enough to house “happy” animals. This is a flat out lie. The majority of commercial cages are completely inappropriate for what they are made for. And it’s so hard to convince people otherwise because it says right on the box that it’s big enough. And you see it in the media, too. Mice in tiny cages, rats in tiny cages, etc. It’s all fed to us since we were little. And so people grow up with these preconceived notions that animals can live in cages that size. They keep them in the small cage, their friends keep them in the small cage, the animal lives and dies in the small cage. And then you congratulate yourself on a job well done and repeat the process.
All animals need a certain amount of space to be happy. This is especially true for mammals, who are generally social and high energy. A mouse will run between 1-6 miles a day on their wheel. Now tell me that tiny cage is big enough to satisfy their urge to roam.
If we are to keep these animals in captivity their well-being should be our first concern. If you cannot afford a cage that big, you cannot afford the animal. If you do not have space for a cage that big, you do not have space for the animal. If you cannot devote the time to letting them out every day, you do not have the time for the animal. Do NOT get the animal unless you can actually care for it. Not just give it the care the BOX tells you to give it but ACTUALLY care for them.
Mammals kept in cages that are too small tend to give off signs of their cruel confinement. These unnatural behaviors are indicative of (though not soley caused by) an unsatisfactory environment.
Signs and symptoms of cruelly confined ferrets:
- Aggression to you (lunging and biting)
- Constant and intense escape attempts
- "Laziness" (really depression or lethargy)
Signs and symptoms of cruelly confined rats:
- Biting the bars of the cage
- Cage aggression
- Aggression to other rats
- Walking in circles
Signs and symptoms of cruelly confined chinchillas:
- Chewing the cage bars
- "Laziness" (especially at night when they should be active)
- Pacing/repetitive behavior
- "Barbering" another chinchillas fur. (pulling the hair out)
Signs and symptoms of cruelly confined mice:
- "Chasing" their tail (walking in a tight circle)
- Chewing the cage bars
- Aggression to other mice
- Backflips in place
Signs and symptoms of cruelly confined hedgehogs:
- Obesity (the biggest sign)
- Repetitive behavior
And to repeat the other article I wrote about this:
And to all those people who are thinking “Well I had a mouse in a cage that size and it was fine.”
You have only observed your animal. You have only observed the animal in a confined space and most likely showing signs of distress or behavioral problems. But you interpreted it as normal because that is all you know. You haven’t seen mice in appropriate sized cages. You haven’t seen ferrets in appropriate cages. You haven’t seen a rat who is happy.
Not only that but you are not qualified to make decisions about an animals mental health unless you yourself have researched their body language and spent time (not years, but at least enough time to be well-learned) studying it to understand it competently and be able to accurately interpret it.
Because I can tell you literally every single person who has come into work and seen a mouse or hamster doing backflips starts LAUGHING HYSTERICALLY because they think the mouse/hamster is playing.
That means adults, young adults, teenagers, kids, EVERYONE thought it was a happy little animal jumping for joy when in actuality it was an animal so confined that it was literally going insane.
Mice need to burrow, climb, forage, run, and play. Chinchillas need to jump, run, forage, and play. Rats need a LOT of play. Ferrets need EVEN MORE. These animals are more complex than you think, and that “starter kit” you just bought at the pet store is not going to cut it. So please, if you find yourself in a situation where you already have one of these animals or plan on getting one, give these sites a good read. (note: even some of these sites do not give out proper cage size information! It just goes to show how common of a problem it is)
serval cats are where it’s at
What is albinism?
Albinism (also called achromia, achromasia, or achromatosis) is a congenital disorder characterized by the complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes due to absence or defect of tyrosinase, a copper-containing enzyme involved in the production of melanin. While an organism with complete absence of melanin is called an albino, an organism with only a diminished amount of melanin is described as albinoid.
Albinism affects people of all ethnic backgrounds; its frequency worldwide is estimated to be approximately one in 20,000. Prevalence of the different forms of albinism varies considerably by population, and is highest overall in people of sub-Saharan African descent. Most children with albinism are born to parents who have normal hair and eye colour for their ethnic backgrounds. Two parents with albinism, however, increases the probability that their children will be born with the condition.
In humans, there are two principal types of albinism; oculocutaneous, affecting the eyes, skin and hair, and ocular affecting only the eyes.
Most people with oculocutaenous albinism appear white or very pale as the melanin pigments responsible for brown, black, and some yellow colorations are not present. Because individuals with albinism have skin that entirely lacks the dark pigment melanin, which helps protect the skin from the sun’s ultraviolet radiation, their skin can burn more easily from overexposure.
Occulocutaenous albinism is generally the result of the biological inheritance of genetically recessive alleles (genes) passed from both parents of an individual, though some rare forms are inherited from only one parent. There are other genetic mutations which are proven to be associated with albinism. All alterations, however, lead to changes in melanin production in the body.
The chance of offspring with albinism resulting from the pairing of an organism with albinism and one without albinism is low. However, because organisms (including humans) can be carriers of genes for albinism without exhibiting any traits, albinistic offspring can be produced by two non-albinistic parents. Albinism usually occurs with equal frequency in both sexes. An exception to this is ocular albinism, which it is passed on to offspring through X-linked inheritance. Thus, ocular albinism occurs more frequently in males as they have a single X and Y chromosome, unlike females, whose genetics are characterized by two X chromosomes.
For some people, albinism affects only their eyes. A common myth is that people with albinism have red eyes. In fact there are different types of albinism and the amount of pigment in the eyes varies. The human eye normally produces enough pigment to color the iris blue, green or brown. However, there are cases in which the eyes of an albinistic person appear red, pink or purple, depending on the amount of pigment present, due to the red of retina being visible through the iris.
All forms of albinism are associated with vision problems. The degree of vision impairment varies with the different types of albinism and many people with albinism are “legally blind”, but most use their vision for many tasks, including reading, and do not use Braille. Some people with albinism have sufficient vision to drive a car.
Eye conditions common in albinism include:
- Nystagmus, irregular rapid movement of the eyes back and forth, or in circular motion.
- Astigmatism, irregular shaped cornea requiring additional cylindrical corrective lenses in spectacles.
- Amblyopia, decrease in acuity of one or both eyes due to poor transmission to the brain, often due to other conditions such as strabismus.
- Optic nerve hypoplasia, an underdevelopment of the optic nerve.
Except for eye problems, most people with albinism are just as healthy as anyone else. In tropical countries, those who do not use skin protection may develop life-threatening skin cancers.
Society and culture
People with albinism are at risk of isolation because the condition is often misunderstood. Social stigmatization can occur, especially within communities of color, where the race or paternity of a person with albinism may be questioned.
In African countries such as Tanzania and Burundi, there has been an unprecedented rise in witchcraft-related killings of albino people in recent years, because their body parts are used in potions sold by witchdoctors. Some locals believe albinos are ghosts that can’t die. Others think they were born into cursed families. Another harmful and false belief is that sex with an albinistic woman will cure a man of HIV. This has led, for example in Zimbabwe, to rapes (and subsequent HIV infection).
Numerous authenticated incidents have occurred in Africa during the 21st century. For example, in Tanzania, in September 2009, three men were convicted of killing a 14 year old albino boy and severing his legs in order to sell them for witchcraft purposes. Again in Tanzania and Burundi in 2010, the murder and dismemberment of a kidnapped albino child was reported from the courts, as part of a continuing problem. National Geographic estimates that in Tanzania a complete set of albino body parts is worth $75,000.
trust me im a dad